Updated tax data for 2019 are now available for Cameroon, Chad and Ghana.
In Cameroon, the Finance Act 2019 did not change mining taxation (Act No. 2018/022 of 11 December 2018). Similarly, in Ghana, there were no changes to mining taxation in 2019. In Chad, the minimum tax was raised from 1 to 2 million CFA francs for large companies (Act No. 037/PR/2018 of 31 December 2018).
The minimum tax is a minimum for the collection of corporate income tax. In Chad, it is fixed at 1.5% of company turnover. However, this minimum tax is accompanied by a minimum amount for companies with low turnover. This amount was amended by the Finance Act, 2019 (Act No. 037/PR/2018 of 31 December 2018). The floor amount of the minimum tax increases to 2 million CFA francs for large companies, while it remains at 1 million CFA francs for small companies.
Updated tax data for 2017 and 2018 are now available for South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe.
In South Africa, withholding tax on dividends has increased from 15% to 20% (Act No. 17 of 2017) and the VAT rate has been increased from 14% to 15% (Act No. 21 of 2018). In Tanzania, the Mining Act has been revised (Act No. 7 of 2017). Mining royalty rates have been increased. The free equity for the State is now set at 16%. The fixed fees and the surface fees were also amended (Government Notice No. 1 of 2018). In Zimbabwe, mining taxation has not changed (Act No. 2 of 2017 and Act No. 1 of 2018).
The Tanzanian Mining Act was revised, mainly in 2017 (Act No. 7 of 2017). Mining royalty rates have been increased from 4% to 6% for gold. In addition, the free equity for the State in the capital of the mining company, the rate of which had hitherto been negotiated between the parties, is now set at 16%. Finally, the amount of fixed fees and surface fees were reduced in 2018 (Government Notice No. 1 of 2018). These new measures concerning the mining royalty and the State equity significantly increase the tax burden applicable to gold mining companies. For a representative medium grade mine (3g/t) and a gold price of $1250/oz, the average effective tax rate (AETR) increases from 41% to 53%.
Updated tax data for 2017 and 2018 are now available for Kenya, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
In Kenya, a new Mining Act was adopted in 2016 (Act No. 12 of 2016) and supplemented by 14 regulations in 2017. In Nigeria, mining taxation has not changed. In Sierra Leone, an Extractive Industries Revenue Act was passed in 2018. It reviews both mining and oil taxation.